England - Brighton

    

Brighton is situated on the beautiful southern coast of England. It forms a major part of Brighton and Hove, a city that has been made part of the ceremonial county of East Sussex. Its population is just under 500 000 people and it remains popular as one of the best gay and lesbian destination in the United Kingdom (comprising England, Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland), both for holidays and for the purposes of permanent relocation.

In 1806, a huge survey was done throughout the whole of England. This official record is known as the Domesday Book. According to this record, Brighton was previously called Bristelmestune. In 1514, French invaders had burnt the entire area to the ground, leaving only a small part of the St Nicholas Church and some of the street patterns behind. Brighton would have to be reconstructed from scratch.

During the mid 18th Century, Dr Richard Russell began prescribing the seawater of Brighton to his patients as a healthful tonic. This led to the influx of a number of ailing ones from all over England, who came to sample the supposed powers of this salty ocean.

Image of the beach and pier at Brighton, East Sussex. England with deckchairs and sunbathers.
Beach and pier at Brighton, East Sussex. England
with deckchairs and sunbathers.

Brighton was originally sustained by its fishing communities, who used the extensive coastline to their benefit. By 1780, however, Georgian terraces became fashionable, and this trend transformed the sleepy fishing village into a rather fashionable holiday resort. Prince Regent (who later became King George IV) visited the town and developed a soft spot for it. He began to frequent it during his breaks from his secular duties, which led to the further development and growth of the town.

When the railway system arrived in Brighton in 1841, people from London and its surrounds had the option of visiting Brighton just for a day, which was a completely novel idea at the time. This led to even more growth, and the population boomed from 7000 people in 1801 to over 120 000 by 1901. The Grand Hotel, West Piet and Palace Pier were all built in the latter half of the 1800’s in response to this increasing favour amongst the English.

In 1997, the individual entities of Brighton and Hove were united to form the single authority of Brighton and Hove. This was granted the status of being called a city by Queen Elizabeth II in 2000. However, it is still commonly called London-by-the-Sea.

Brighton’s economy is supported to a large degree by the media industry. This has given the town somewhat of a “Hollywood” feel, as digital media continues to expand its base. Based on its creative output, Brighton is culturally healthy and diverse.


Today, Brighton remains a popular tourist destination. Just some of its main attractions are:

• The promenade along the beach
• The remains of the West Pier
• The Royal Pavilion
• The Sassoon Mausoleum
• Brighton Pier
• Volk's Electric Railway (the world's oldest operating electric railway)
• The Brighton Museum & Art Gallery
• Queen's Park
• The Brighton Toy and Model Museum
• St. Ann's Well Gardens

For more information, please view: http://www.brighton.co.uk/